SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

April 30 / 2019

By Lia Allen

What is responsible consumption and production?

According to the United Nations, “Sustainable consumption and production involve using resources efficiently, taking account of ecosystem services that are key to making a living, and reducing the impact of dangerous chemicals.”


Why is it so important?

Every water bottle, apple core, plastic bag, and chocolate wrapper ends up somewhere. Most of us throw away the items we are no longer using and never think about them again. But where do they actually end up?

Some of these items are disposed of properly, whether that be in a compost or recycling unit, but for the majority, most things find new homes at a garbage plant.

These garbage mounds are destroying our bodies of water and consuming our natural lands. Eventually, we will run out of space and will have completely ruined life below water. Garbage pollution is rapidly increasing, and its negative effects are dangerous to our health and the Earth’s. Garbage pollution causes contaminates to spread into the air and water creating respiratory issues and dangerous living conditions for aquatic animals.


What can you do to help?

There are tons of things you can do to benefit the responsible consumption and production movement.

We recommend:

1. Utilize what you already own.

Use what you already have. This way, you save money and do not contribute to production rates. Producing anything requires a large amount of energy and resources.

2. Create a compost.

There are many items that will naturally decompose. However, when these items are in a landfill, they are not able to breakdown and create methane gas. We can prevent this be building composts.

3. Bring your own reusable bag/containers.

Reusable bags and containers greatly reduce unnecessary waste.

These items are very useful at stores and restaurantes.

4. Ditch the plastic.

Refuse plastic when you can. When offered a plastic item, utilize your alternatives. This will help reduce plastic production and consumption.

5. Recycle.

It is very important to reuse and recycle items instead of them wasting away in a landfill. Try to find alternative purposes for items to extend their lives.

6. Be Mindful.

One of the best things you can do is to be mindful of your surroundings, daily uses, and habits. You will begin to notice how much waste you produce, how much waste you see on the streets, and what you can do to change these realities.


Learn more:


Zero Waste Movement:

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